TPR's physical actions then progress TPRS (Teaching Proficiency through Reading and Storytelling), which helps participants further integrate and develop their fluency in the language through questions, answers, and stories. Created by Blain Ray and supported by the theories of linguist Dr. Stephen Krashen, TPRS is based on the hypothesis that true fluency results from the unconscious acquisition of natural, interesting, repetitive input, not from the conscious memorization of grammar rules. Students co-create a story with the TPRS teacher, who asks the story into creation, scaffolding onto language that has been made 100% comprehensible to the students, resulting in more unconscious acquisition and thus more rapid fluency. Soon participants are producing the language themselves. This production is stress-free because participants have already internalized the vocabulary used and they have natural understanding of the language's structures--much like a child learning his or her first language.
As the focus shifts toward speaking, reading, and writing, we begin to engage the brain's analytical left hemisphere. Participants are able to make deductions about grammar and compose unique utterances and compositions. The right brain is still active, however, because our stories and other activities are fun, emotional, and personalized during every step of the process.
By constantly switching back and forth between hemispheres of the brain, we keep every moment of the learning process engaging, effective, and fulfilling. Moreover, the combination of left- and right-brain activities ensures that participants fully retain the material and are able to apply it to real-life situations, almost as naturally as with their native language. Finally, the methods used in our programs allow learners to understand everything they hear and read with minimal reversion to English. Because of their success in this immersion-like environment, participants feel confident and comfortable working in the language both in and out of the classroom.