"When the cook tastes the soup, that's formative; when the guests taste the soup,
that's summative." - Robert Stakes
Formative assessment is assessment for learning. Instead of asking "How did the students perform?", it begs the question, "How can we adjust teaching and learning practices so that we improve student learning?" Formative assessment is most useful when taken on a small (student-by-student) scale. By assessing small pieces of individual student learning, a teacher can alter his or her instructional methods to be more effective and efficient for both the students and the teacher. With the quick feedback that comes with formative assessment, students can also similarly alter their learning.
Read more about formative assessment in these books, available at the MTSU library (call numbers are given in parentheses):
Also find more info with these online resources:
And don't miss Jones College's Assurance of Learning Terms.