Chemistry Department

Dr. Michael Sanger



Phone: (615)
Office: New Science Bldg.(SCI), Room 3147 
P.O. Box : 68


(1993) (2002) B. S., University of California, Davis, CA; M. S., Iowa State University, Ames, IA; Ph.D., Iowa State University, Ames, IA. Chemical Education: Identifying student misconceptions in chemistry; designing and evaluating instructional methods to confront student misconceptions; using computer-based visualization strategies (computer animations, electron density plots) to improve students' conceptual knowledge of chemistry at the molecular level.


  • Finalist, 2002-2003 MTSU Outstanding Achievement in Instructional Technology Award
  • Nominee, 2002 MTSU Award for Innovative Excellence in Teaching, Learning, and Technology
  • Member, Who's Who Among America's Teachers, 7th edition (2002). Nominated by a former student who is a member of The National Dean's List
  • Finalist, 2001 UNI Dean's Award for Superior Achievement in Research


  • Co-coordinator of Poster Sessions, 18th Biennial Conference on Chemical Education, Ames, IA (July 2004)
  • Co-organizer and Presider, "Using Computer-Based Technology to Effect Student Learning", Session presented in the Division of Chemical Education at the 224th Annual National Meeting of the American Chemical Society, Boston, MA (August 2002)
  • Member, Committee on Computers in Chemical Education, American Chemical Society, Division of Chemical Education (appointed for 1999-2001 and 2002-2004)
  • Reviewer, Prentice-Hall, Inc. (1998-2000), Journal of Chemical Education (1997-present), The Chemical Educator (2003-present)


Sanger, M. J. (2003). Evaluating Students' Conceptual Understanding of Balanced Equations and Stoichiometric Ratios using a Particulate Drawing. Journal of Chemical Education, submitted for publication.

Sanger, M. J.; Phelps, A. J. (2003). Simple Flame Test Techniques Using Cotton Swabs. Journal of Chemical Education, submitted for publication.

Sanger, M. J. (2003). Flipping Pennies and Burning Candles: Adventures in Kinetics. Journal of Chemical Education, 80, 304A-304B.

Sanger, M. J. and Geer, K. (2002). Determination of the Empirical Formula of a Copper Oxide Salt Using Two Different Methods. Journal of Chemical Education, 79, 994-996.

Sanger, M. J., Wiley, R. A., Jr., Richter, E., and Phelps, A. J. (2002). Rate Law Determination of Everyday Processes. Journal of Chemical Education,79, 989-991.

Sanger, M. J. and Badger, S. M., II. (2001). Using Computer-Based Visualization Strategies to Improve Students' Understanding of Molecular Polarity and Miscibility. Journal of Chemical Education, 78, 1412-1416.

Sanger, M. J., Brincks, E. L., Phelps, A. J., Pak, M. S., and Lyovkin, A. N. (2001). A Comparison of Secondary Chemistry Courses and Chemistry Teacher Preparation Programs in Iowa and Saint Petersburg, Russia. Journal of Chemical Education, 78, 1275-1280.

Sanger, M. J., Brecheisen, D. M., and Hynek, B. M. (2001). Can Computer Animations Affect College Biology Students' Conceptions about Diffusion & Osmosis? The American Biology Teacher, 63, 104-109.

Sanger, M. J., Phelps, A. J., and Fienhold, J. (2000). Using a Computer Animation to Improve Students' Conceptual Understanding of a Can-Crushing Demonstration. Journal of Chemical Education, 77, 1517-1520.

Sanger, M. J. (2000). Using Particulate Drawings to Determine and Improve Students' Conceptions of Pure Substances and Mixtures. Journal of Chemical Education, 77, 762-766.

Sanger, M. J. and Greenbowe, T. J. (2000). Addressing Student Misconceptions Concerning Electron Flow in Aqueous Solutions With Instruction Including Computer Animations and Conceptual Change Strategies. International Journal of Science Education, 22, 521-537.

Sanger, M. J. and Greenbowe, T. J. (1999). An Analysis of College Chemistry Textbooks as Sources of Misconceptions and Errors in Electrochemistry. Journal of Chemical Education, 76, 853-860.