David M. Rabban (1949– ) is a constitutional law scholar specializing in free speech. As well as seeking to protect intellectual freedom, he has increased understanding of the period before the Supreme Court began taking an active interest in the free expression protection granted by the First Amendment.

Rabban graduated from Wesleyan University with a bachelor of arts degree in history and religion in 1971. After earning a law degree from Stanford University in 1974, he joined the practice of Murray A. Gordon in New York City and specialized in labor law. In 1976 he became associate counsel to the American Association of University Professors. He moved up to the position of counsel in 1980 and focused on issues relating to the First Amendment, academic freedom and tenure, due process, employment discrimination, and collective bargaining. In 1983 Rabban became a law professor at the University of Texas School of Law. By 2006 he held the Dahr Jamail, Randall Hage Jamail and Robert Lee Jamail Regents Chair and was a University Distinguished Teaching Professor.

Rabban is best known as the author of Free Speech in Its Forgotten Years, 1870–1920 (1997).The idea behind the book took root when Rabban was in law school. He noticed a common assumption that no significant legal interpretation of free speech had occurred between the 1801 expiration of the Sedition Act of 1798 and passage of the Espionage Act of 1917. In his book, Rabban argues that agitation by workers, anarchists, and advocates of birth control tested the meaning of free speech in the previous 50 years and that these activities influenced later interpretations of the First Amendment

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