SpeechPublicityContemptReportersReligionUnionAnonymousPolygamySocialBillReplyDangerReligiousChurchObscenityAnti-AbortionAnimalProtestsHairOverbreadthNewsracksPicketingEspionageSurveillanceMailPetitionAccessRightRightsMoviesFreedomWordsSyndicalismProsecutionTrueLawsOrdinancesCourtAdmissionsGrandMilitarySamBanningSolicitationsAcademicLiquorWallOrdersTaxFinanceSymbolicAssemblyJuryMarketplaceHoldingsPropertyAssociationSchoolsServiceAntitrustFightingOathsSelectivePublicWitnessesPresentSolicitationPressRestrictionsRegulationsChildForumFalsityBarQualifiedDancingBoycottPornographyPriorImmunityThreatsTeachersFlagSecondaryAdultBookDisplaysNoiseTestPresidentialEffectsStandingSacrificeWorkLawyersProfaneIssuesDoctrineGovernmentInvestigations SpeechPublicityContemptReportersReligionUnionAnonymousPolygamySocialBillReplyDangerReligiousChurchObscenityAnti-AbortionAnimalProtestsHairOverbreadthNewsracksPicketingEspionageSurveillanceMailPetitionAccessRightRightsMoviesFreedomWordsSyndicalismProsecutionTrueLawsOrdinancesCourtAdmissionsGrandMilitarySamBanningSolicitationsAcademicLiquorWallOrdersTaxFinanceSymbolicAssemblyJuryMarketplaceHoldingsPropertyAssociationSchoolsServiceAntitrustFightingOathsSelectivePublicWitnessesPresentSolicitationPressRestrictionsRegulationsChildForumFalsityBarQualifiedDancingBoycottPornographyPriorImmunityThreatsTeachersFlagSecondaryAdultBookDisplaysNoiseTestPresidentialEffectsStandingSacrificeWorkLawyersProfaneIssuesDoctrineGovernmentInvestigations SpeechPublicityContemptReportersReligionUnionAnonymousPolygamySocialBillReplyDangerReligiousChurchObscenityAnti-AbortionAnimalProtestsHairOverbreadthNewsracksPicketingEspionageSurveillanceMailPetitionAccessRightRightsMoviesFreedomWordsSyndicalismProsecutionTrueLawsOrdinancesCourtAdmissionsGrandMilitarySamBanningSolicitationsAcademicLiquorWallOrdersTaxFinanceSymbolicAssemblyJuryMarketplaceHoldingsPropertyAssociationSchoolsServiceAntitrustFightingOathsSelectivePublicWitnessesPresentSolicitationPressRestrictionsRegulationsChildForumFalsityBarQualifiedDancingBoycottPornographyPriorImmunityThreatsTeachersFlagSecondaryAdultBookDisplaysNoiseTestPresidentialEffectsStandingSacrificeWorkLawyersProfaneIssuesDoctrineGovernmentInvestigations SpeechPublicityContemptReportersReligionUnionAnonymousPolygamySocialBillReplyDangerReligiousChurchObscenityAnti-AbortionAnimalProtestsHairOverbreadthNewsracksPicketingEspionageSurveillanceMailPetitionAccessRightRightsMoviesFreedomWordsSyndicalismProsecutionTrueLawsOrdinancesCourtAdmissionsGrandMilitarySamBanningSolicitationsAcademicLiquorWallOrdersTaxFinanceSymbolicAssemblyJuryMarketplaceHoldingsPropertyAssociationSchoolsServiceAntitrustFightingOathsSelectivePublicWitnessesPresentSolicitationPressRestrictionsRegulationsChildForumFalsityBarQualifiedDancingBoycottPornographyPriorImmunityThreatsTeachersFlagSecondaryAdultBookDisplaysNoiseTestPresidentialEffectsStandingSacrificeWorkLawyersProfaneIssuesDoctrineGovernmentInvestigations

The First Amendment Encyclopedia

Articles, news and insights about free expression in America

Case Categories: Anonymous Speech

This is a list of First Amendment cases involving protection of anonymous speech.

The Supreme Court has protected anonymity under the First Amendment, but as with other constitutional rights, it has balanced protection for anonymous speech against competing interests, notably in the areas of political activity, campaign finance, and use of the Internet.

From the United States’ earliest days, speakers addressing controversial public questions have sought anonymity.

For example, the authors of the Federalist Papers, which supported ratification of the Constitution, published under the pseudonym Publius, and the revolutionary-era pamphleteers had published under assumed names, often to escape prosecution.

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