Interdisciplinary PhD in Molecular Biosciences

Dr. Andrew Brower - Publications

Peer-Reviewed Research Publications (in chronological order) :

Brower, AVZ and TM Boyce. 1991. Mitochondrial DNA variation in monarch butterflies. Evolution 45:1281-1286.

Brower, AVZ. 1994. Rapid morphological radiation and convergence in geographical races of the butterfly, Heliconius erato, inferred from patterns of mitochondrial DNA evolution. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 91:6491-6495.

Brower, AVZ. 1994. Phylogeny of Heliconius butterflies inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 3:159-174.

Brower, AVZ. 1994. The case of the missing H: Heliconius charithonia (L., 1767), not " Heliconius charitonia (L. 1767)". J. Lepidopterists' Soc. 48:166-168.

Brower, AVZ. and R DeSalle. 1994. Practical and theoretical considerations for choice of a DNA sequence region in insect molecular systematics, with a short review of published studies using nuclear gene regions. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Amer. 87:702-716.

Brower, AVZ. 1995. Locomotor mimicry in butterflies A critical review of the evidence. Phil. Trans. Royal Soc. Lond. B 347: 413-425.

Brower, LP, LS Fink, AVZ Brower, K Leong, K Oberhauser, S Altizer, O Taylor, D Vickerman, WH Calvert, T Van Hook, A Alonso M, SB Malcolm, DF Owen and MP Zalucki. 1995. On the dangers of interpopulational transfers of monarch butterflies. BioScience 45(8):540-544.

Brower, AVZ. 1996. Parallel race formation and the evolution of mimicry in Heliconius butterflies: a phylogenetic hypothesis from mitochondrial DNA sequences. Evolution 50:195-221.

Brower, AVZ. 1996. A new mimetic species of Heliconius (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae), from southeastern Colombia, revealed by cladistic analysis of mitochondrial DNA sequences. Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 116:317-332.

Brower, AVZ, R DeSalle and AP Vogler. 1996. Gene trees, species trees, and systematics: a cladistic perspective. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 27:423-450.

Brower, AVZ and VA Schawaroch. 1996. Three steps of homology assessment. Cladistics 12:265-272.

Miller, JS, AVZ Brower and R DeSalle. 1997. Phylogeny of the neotropical moth tribe Josiini (Notodontidae: Dioptinae): Comparing and combining evidence from DNA sequences and morphology. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 60: 297-316.

Brower, AVZ. 1997. The evolution of ecologically important characters in Heliconius butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae): a cladistic review. Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 119: 457-472.

Brower, AVZ and MG Egan. 1997. Cladistics of Heliconius butterflies and relatives (Nymphalidae: Heliconiiti): the phylogenetic position of Eueides based on sequences from mtDNA and a nuclear gene. Proc. Royal Soc. Lond. B 264: 969-977.

DeSalle, R, AVZ Brower, R Baker and J Remsen. 1997. A hierarchical view of the Hawaiian Drosophilidae. Pacific Science 51: 462-474 (invited paper from the symposium, "The legacy of RCL Perkins: 100 years of Hawaiian entomology," XX Int. Congr. Entomol., Florence, Italy, August 1996).

DeSalle, R and AVZ Brower. 1997. Process partitions, congruence and the independence of characters: inferring relationships among closely-related Hawaiian Drosophila from multiple gene regions. Syst. Biol. 46: 751-764.

Brower, AVZ and R DeSalle. 1998. Mitochondrial vs. nuclear DNA sequence evolution among nymphalid butterflies: the utility of Wingless as a source of characters for phylogenetic inference. Insect Mol. Biol.7: 1-10.

Brower, AVZ and KR Sime. 1998. A reconsideration of mimicry and aposematism in caterpillars of the Papilio machaon group. J. Lepidopterists' Soc. 52: 206-212.

Sime, KR and AVZ Brower 1998. Explaining the latitudinal gradient anomaly in ichneumonid species richness: evidence from butterflies. J. Animal Ecology 67: 387-399.

Brower, AVZ. 1998. How NOT to use systematics to test adaptive hypotheses: comments on Wink and Nickisch-Rosenegk (1997). J. Chemical Ecology 24: 1279-1284.

Brower, AVZ. 1999. Delimitation of phylogenetic species with DNA sequences: a critique of Davis and Nixon's population aggregation analysis. Syst. Biol. 48: 199-213.

Brower, AVZ. 2000. Evolution is not a necessary assumption of cladistics. Cladistics 16: 143-154.

Brower, AVZ. 2000. Homology, and the inference of systematic relationships: some historical and philosophical perspectives. Pp. 10-21 in RW Scotland and RT Pennington (eds.), Homology and Systematics: Coding characters for phylogenetic analysis. Chapman & Hall.

Campbell, DL, AVZ Brower and NE Pierce. 2000. Molecular evolution of the Wingless gene and its implications for the phylogenetic placement of the butterfly family Riodinidae (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea). Mol. Biol. Evol.17: 684-696.

Brower, AVZ. 2000. On the validity of Heliconius tristero Brower and Heliconius melpomene mocoa Brower, with a discussion of the species concept in Heliconius Kluk (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. 102: 678-687.

Brower, AVZ. 2000. Phylogenetic relationships among the Nymphalidae (Lepidoptera), inferred from partial sequences of the wingless gene. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 267: 1201-1211.

Brower, AVZ. 2002. Cladistics, populations and species in geographical space: the case of Heliconius butterflies. Pp.5-16 in R DeSalle, WC Wheeler and G Giribet (eds.), Molecular Systematics and Evolution: theory and practice. Birkhaser Verlag.

Goldstein, PZ and AVZ Brower. 2002. Molecular systematics and the origin of species: new syntheses or methodological introgressions Pp. 147-161 in R DeSalle, WC Wheeler and G Giribet (eds.), Molecular Systematics and Evolution: theory and practice. Birkhaser Verlag.

Brower, AVZ 2002. Cladistics, phylogeny, evidence and explanation: a reply to Lee. Zoologica Scripta 31: 221-223.

Brower, AVZ and M Jeansonne. 2004. Geographical populations and "subspecies" of New World monarch butterflies ( Danaus plexippus (L.) Nymphalidae) share a recent origin and are not phylogenetically distinct. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Amer. 97: 519-523.

Brower, AVZ. 2004. Comment on "Molecular phylogenies link rates of evolution and speciation." Science 303: 173c.

Leathers, JW, DD Judd, and AVZ Brower. 2005. A review of the species of the New World braconid genus Cyclaulacidea (Hymenoptera) with key and descriptions of nine new species. J. Hymenoptera Research 14:151-176.

Silva-Brando, KL, AVL Freitas, AVZ Brower and VN Solferini. 2005. Phylogenetic relationships of the New World Troidini swallowtails (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae) based on COI, COII, and EF1a genes. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 36: 468-483 .

Wahlberg, N., MF Braby, AVZ Brower, R de Jong, M-M Lee, S Nylin, NE Pierce, FAH Sperling, R Vila, AD Warren and E Zakharov. 2005. Synergistic effects of combining morphological and molecular data in resolving the phylogeny of butterflies and skippers. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 272: 1577-1586.

Wahlberg, N, AVZ Brower and S Nylin. 2005. Phylogenetic relationships of tribes and genera in the subfamily Nymphalinae (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) based on three gene sequences. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 86: 227-251 .

Whinnett A, AVZ Brower, M-M Lee, KR Willmott, and J Mallet 2005. The phylogenetic utility of Tektin, a novel region for inferring systematic relationships amongst Lepidoptera. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Amer. 98: 873-886.

Whinnett A, KR Willmott, AVZ Brower, F Simpson, M Zimmermann, G Lamas, and J Mallet. 2005. Mitochondrial DNA provides an insight into the mechanisms driving diversification in the ithomiine butterfly Hyposcada anchiala (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae, Ithomiinae). European J. Entomol. 102: 633-639.

Brower, AVZ. 2006. The how and why of branch support and partitioned branch support, with a new index to assess partition incongruence. Cladistics 22: 378-386.

Brower, AVZ. 2006. Problems with DNA barcodes for species delimitation: "ten species" of Astraptes fulgerator reassessed (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae). Systematics and Biodiversity 4: 127-132.

Brower, AVZ, AVL Freitas, M-M Lee, KL Silva Brando, A Whinnett and KR Willmott 2006. Phylogenetic relationships among the Ithomiini (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) inferred from one mitochondrial and two nuclear gene regions. Systematic Entomology 31: 288-301.

Pea, C, N Wahlberg, E Weingartner. U Kodandaramaiah, S Nylin, AVL Freitas and AVZ Brower. 2006. Higher level phylogeny of Satyrinae butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) based on DNA sequence data. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 40: 29-49.

Simonsen, TJ, N Wahlberg , AVZ Brower and R de Jong 2006. Molecules, morphology and fritillaries: a combined approach towards the phylogeny of Argynnini (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Insect Systematics and Evolution 37: 405-418.

Beltrn, M, CD Jiggins, AVZ Brower, E Bermingham and J Mallet. 2007. Do pollen feeding, pupal-mating and larval gregariousness have a single origin in Heliconius butterflies? Inferences from multilocus DNA sequence data. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 92: 221-239.

Elias, M, RI Hill, KR Willmott, KK Dasmahaptra, AVZ Brower, J Mallet and CD Jiggins. 2007. Limited performance of DNA barcoding in a diverse community of tropical butterflies. Proc. R. Soc. London B 274: 2881-2889 (on line: doi:10.1098/rspb2007.1035)

Frentiu, FD, GD Bernard, MP Sison-Mangus, AVZ Brower and AD Briscoe. 2007. The role of gene duplication in the evolution of spectral shifts in the long wavelength photopigments of butterflies. Mol. Biol. Evol. 24: 2016-2028.

Warren, AD, J Ogawa and AVZ Brower. 2008. Phylogenetic relationships of subfamilies and circumscription of tribes in the family Hesperiidae (Lepidoptera: Hesperioidea). Cladistics 24: 642-676.

Townzen, JS, AVZ Brower and DD Judd. 2008. Identification of mosquito bloodmeals using mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit I and cytochrome b gene sequences. Med. Vet. Entomol. 22: 386-393.

Elias, M., M Joron, KR Willmott, V Kaiser, KL Silva-Brando, C Arias, LM Gomez-Pieres, S Uribe, AVZ Brower, AVL Freitas and CD Jiggins. 2009. Out of the Andes: patterns of diversification in clearwing butterflies. Mol. Ecol. 18: 1716-1729.

Warren, AD, J Ogawa and AVZ Brower 2009. Revised classification of the family Hesperiidae (Lepidoptera: Hesperioidea) based on combined molecular and morphological data. Systematic Entomology 34: 467-523.

Brower, AVZ. 2009. Heliconius tristero Brower, 1996 and Heliconius melpomene mocoa Brower, 1996 (Lepidoptera: nymphalidae): proposed conservation by suppression of Heliconius melpomene bellula Brown, 1979. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 66: 256-260.

Wahlberg, N, J Leneveu, U Kodandaramaiah, C Pea, S Nylin, ALV Freitas and AVZ Brower. 2009. Nymphalid butterflies diversify following near demise at the Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary. Proc. R. Soc. London B 276: 4295-4302.

Brower, AVZ. 2010 Stability, replication, pseudoreplication and support. Cladistics 25: 112-113.

Brower, AVZ, N Wahlberg, JR Ogawa, M Boppr and RI Vane-Wright .. 2010. Phylogenetic relationships among genera of danaine butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) as implied by morphology and DNA sequences. Systematics and Biodiversity 8: 75-89.

Brower, AVZ. 2010. Alleviating the taxonomic impediment of DNA barcoding: names for ten species of " Astraptes fulgerator" (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae: Eudaminae). Systematics and Biodiversity 8: 485-491.

Brower, AVZ. 2011. Hybrid speciation in Heliconius butterflies: a review and critique of the evidence. Genetica 139: 589-609; online version DOI: 10.1007/s10709-010-9530-4

Rindal, E. and AVZ Brower. 2011. Do model-based phylogenetic analyses outperform parsimony A test with empirical data. Cladistics 27: 331-334; online version DOI: 10.1111/j.1096-0031. NoSkype2010.00342.x

Brower, AVZ. 2011. Repeatability and reality. Cladistics online version DOI: 10.1111/j.1096-0031. NoSkype2011.00354.x

Brower, AVZ and RI Vane-Wright. 2011. Anomalous areas and awkward ages: concerns about over-reliance on model based biogeographical and temporal inferences. Systematic Entomology (in press).

Brower, AVZ. 2011. The meaning of "phenetic". Cladistics (in press).


Schuh, RT and AVZ Brower. 2009. Biological Systematics: principles and applications. 2 nd edn. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. 311 pp.