Interdisciplinary PhD in Molecular Biosciences

Dr. Andrew Brower - Publications

Peer-Reviewed Research Publications (in chronological order) :

Brower, AVZ and TM Boyce. 1991. Mitochondrial DNA variation in monarch butterflies. Evolution 45:1281-1286.

Brower, AVZ. 1994. Rapid morphological radiation and convergence in geographical races of the butterfly, Heliconius erato, inferred from patterns of mitochondrial DNA evolution. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 91:6491-6495.

Brower, AVZ. 1994. Phylogeny of Heliconius butterflies inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 3:159-174.

Brower, AVZ. 1994. The case of the missing H: Heliconius charithonia (L., 1767), not " Heliconius charitonia (L. 1767)". J. Lepidopterists' Soc. 48:166-168.

Brower, AVZ. and R DeSalle. 1994. Practical and theoretical considerations for choice of a DNA sequence region in insect molecular systematics, with a short review of published studies using nuclear gene regions. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Amer. 87:702-716.

Brower, AVZ. 1995. Locomotor mimicry in butterflies A critical review of the evidence. Phil. Trans. Royal Soc. Lond. B 347: 413-425.

Brower, LP, LS Fink, AVZ Brower, K Leong, K Oberhauser, S Altizer, O Taylor, D Vickerman, WH Calvert, T Van Hook, A Alonso M, SB Malcolm, DF Owen and MP Zalucki. 1995. On the dangers of interpopulational transfers of monarch butterflies. BioScience 45(8):540-544.

Brower, AVZ. 1996. Parallel race formation and the evolution of mimicry in Heliconius butterflies: a phylogenetic hypothesis from mitochondrial DNA sequences. Evolution 50:195-221.

Brower, AVZ. 1996. A new mimetic species of Heliconius (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae), from southeastern Colombia, revealed by cladistic analysis of mitochondrial DNA sequences. Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 116:317-332.

Brower, AVZ, R DeSalle and AP Vogler. 1996. Gene trees, species trees, and systematics: a cladistic perspective. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 27:423-450.

Brower, AVZ and VA Schawaroch. 1996. Three steps of homology assessment. Cladistics 12:265-272.

Miller, JS, AVZ Brower and R DeSalle. 1997. Phylogeny of the neotropical moth tribe Josiini (Notodontidae: Dioptinae): Comparing and combining evidence from DNA sequences and morphology. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 60: 297-316.

Brower, AVZ. 1997. The evolution of ecologically important characters in Heliconius butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae): a cladistic review. Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 119: 457-472.

Brower, AVZ and MG Egan. 1997. Cladistics of Heliconius butterflies and relatives (Nymphalidae: Heliconiiti): the phylogenetic position of Eueides based on sequences from mtDNA and a nuclear gene. Proc. Royal Soc. Lond. B 264: 969-977.

DeSalle, R, AVZ Brower, R Baker and J Remsen. 1997. A hierarchical view of the Hawaiian Drosophilidae. Pacific Science 51: 462-474 (invited paper from the symposium, "The legacy of RCL Perkins: 100 years of Hawaiian entomology," XX Int. Congr. Entomol., Florence, Italy, August 1996).

DeSalle, R and AVZ Brower. 1997. Process partitions, congruence and the independence of characters: inferring relationships among closely-related Hawaiian Drosophila from multiple gene regions. Syst. Biol. 46: 751-764.

Brower, AVZ and R DeSalle. 1998. Mitochondrial vs. nuclear DNA sequence evolution among nymphalid butterflies: the utility of Wingless as a source of characters for phylogenetic inference. Insect Mol. Biol.7: 1-10.

Brower, AVZ and KR Sime. 1998. A reconsideration of mimicry and aposematism in caterpillars of the Papilio machaon group. J. Lepidopterists' Soc. 52: 206-212.

Sime, KR and AVZ Brower 1998. Explaining the latitudinal gradient anomaly in ichneumonid species richness: evidence from butterflies. J. Animal Ecology 67: 387-399.

Brower, AVZ. 1998. How NOT to use systematics to test adaptive hypotheses: comments on Wink and Nickisch-Rosenegk (1997). J. Chemical Ecology 24: 1279-1284.

Brower, AVZ. 1999. Delimitation of phylogenetic species with DNA sequences: a critique of Davis and Nixon's population aggregation analysis. Syst. Biol. 48: 199-213.

Brower, AVZ. 2000. Evolution is not a necessary assumption of cladistics. Cladistics 16: 143-154.

Brower, AVZ. 2000. Homology, and the inference of systematic relationships: some historical and philosophical perspectives. Pp. 10-21 in RW Scotland and RT Pennington (eds.), Homology and Systematics: Coding characters for phylogenetic analysis. Chapman & Hall.

Campbell, DL, AVZ Brower and NE Pierce. 2000. Molecular evolution of the Wingless gene and its implications for the phylogenetic placement of the butterfly family Riodinidae (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea). Mol. Biol. Evol.17: 684-696.

Brower, AVZ. 2000. On the validity of Heliconius tristero Brower and Heliconius melpomene mocoa Brower, with a discussion of the species concept in Heliconius Kluk (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. 102: 678-687.

Brower, AVZ. 2000. Phylogenetic relationships among the Nymphalidae (Lepidoptera), inferred from partial sequences of the wingless gene. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 267: 1201-1211.

Brower, AVZ. 2002. Cladistics, populations and species in geographical space: the case of Heliconius butterflies. Pp.5-16 in R DeSalle, WC Wheeler and G Giribet (eds.), Molecular Systematics and Evolution: theory and practice. Birkhaser Verlag.

Goldstein, PZ and AVZ Brower. 2002. Molecular systematics and the origin of species: new syntheses or methodological introgressions Pp. 147-161 in R DeSalle, WC Wheeler and G Giribet (eds.), Molecular Systematics and Evolution: theory and practice. Birkhaser Verlag.

Brower, AVZ 2002. Cladistics, phylogeny, evidence and explanation: a reply to Lee. Zoologica Scripta 31: 221-223.

Brower, AVZ and M Jeansonne. 2004. Geographical populations and "subspecies" of New World monarch butterflies ( Danaus plexippus (L.) Nymphalidae) share a recent origin and are not phylogenetically distinct. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Amer. 97: 519-523.

Brower, AVZ. 2004. Comment on "Molecular phylogenies link rates of evolution and speciation." Science 303: 173c. www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/303/5655/173c

Leathers, JW, DD Judd, and AVZ Brower. 2005. A review of the species of the New World braconid genus Cyclaulacidea (Hymenoptera) with key and descriptions of nine new species. J. Hymenoptera Research 14:151-176.

Silva-Brando, KL, AVL Freitas, AVZ Brower and VN Solferini. 2005. Phylogenetic relationships of the New World Troidini swallowtails (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae) based on COI, COII, and EF1a genes. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 36: 468-483 .

Wahlberg, N., MF Braby, AVZ Brower, R de Jong, M-M Lee, S Nylin, NE Pierce, FAH Sperling, R Vila, AD Warren and E Zakharov. 2005. Synergistic effects of combining morphological and molecular data in resolving the phylogeny of butterflies and skippers. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 272: 1577-1586.

Wahlberg, N, AVZ Brower and S Nylin. 2005. Phylogenetic relationships of tribes and genera in the subfamily Nymphalinae (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) based on three gene sequences. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 86: 227-251 .

Whinnett A, AVZ Brower, M-M Lee, KR Willmott, and J Mallet 2005. The phylogenetic utility of Tektin, a novel region for inferring systematic relationships amongst Lepidoptera. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Amer. 98: 873-886.

Whinnett A, KR Willmott, AVZ Brower, F Simpson, M Zimmermann, G Lamas, and J Mallet. 2005. Mitochondrial DNA provides an insight into the mechanisms driving diversification in the ithomiine butterfly Hyposcada anchiala (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae, Ithomiinae). European J. Entomol. 102: 633-639.

Brower, AVZ. 2006. The how and why of branch support and partitioned branch support, with a new index to assess partition incongruence. Cladistics 22: 378-386.

Brower, AVZ. 2006. Problems with DNA barcodes for species delimitation: "ten species" of Astraptes fulgerator reassessed (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae). Systematics and Biodiversity 4: 127-132.

Brower, AVZ, AVL Freitas, M-M Lee, KL Silva Brando, A Whinnett and KR Willmott 2006. Phylogenetic relationships among the Ithomiini (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) inferred from one mitochondrial and two nuclear gene regions. Systematic Entomology 31: 288-301.

Pea, C, N Wahlberg, E Weingartner. U Kodandaramaiah, S Nylin, AVL Freitas and AVZ Brower. 2006. Higher level phylogeny of Satyrinae butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) based on DNA sequence data. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 40: 29-49.

Simonsen, TJ, N Wahlberg , AVZ Brower and R de Jong 2006. Molecules, morphology and fritillaries: a combined approach towards the phylogeny of Argynnini (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Insect Systematics and Evolution 37: 405-418.

Beltrn, M, CD Jiggins, AVZ Brower, E Bermingham and J Mallet. 2007. Do pollen feeding, pupal-mating and larval gregariousness have a single origin in Heliconius butterflies? Inferences from multilocus DNA sequence data. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 92: 221-239.

Elias, M, RI Hill, KR Willmott, KK Dasmahaptra, AVZ Brower, J Mallet and CD Jiggins. 2007. Limited performance of DNA barcoding in a diverse community of tropical butterflies. Proc. R. Soc. London B 274: 2881-2889 (on line: doi:10.1098/rspb2007.1035)

Frentiu, FD, GD Bernard, MP Sison-Mangus, AVZ Brower and AD Briscoe. 2007. The role of gene duplication in the evolution of spectral shifts in the long wavelength photopigments of butterflies. Mol. Biol. Evol. 24: 2016-2028.

Warren, AD, J Ogawa and AVZ Brower. 2008. Phylogenetic relationships of subfamilies and circumscription of tribes in the family Hesperiidae (Lepidoptera: Hesperioidea). Cladistics 24: 642-676.

Townzen, JS, AVZ Brower and DD Judd. 2008. Identification of mosquito bloodmeals using mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit I and cytochrome b gene sequences. Med. Vet. Entomol. 22: 386-393.

Elias, M., M Joron, KR Willmott, V Kaiser, KL Silva-Brando, C Arias, LM Gomez-Pieres, S Uribe, AVZ Brower, AVL Freitas and CD Jiggins. 2009. Out of the Andes: patterns of diversification in clearwing butterflies. Mol. Ecol. 18: 1716-1729.

Warren, AD, J Ogawa and AVZ Brower 2009. Revised classification of the family Hesperiidae (Lepidoptera: Hesperioidea) based on combined molecular and morphological data. Systematic Entomology 34: 467-523.

Brower, AVZ. 2009. Heliconius tristero Brower, 1996 and Heliconius melpomene mocoa Brower, 1996 (Lepidoptera: nymphalidae): proposed conservation by suppression of Heliconius melpomene bellula Brown, 1979. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 66: 256-260.

Wahlberg, N, J Leneveu, U Kodandaramaiah, C Pea, S Nylin, ALV Freitas and AVZ Brower. 2009. Nymphalid butterflies diversify following near demise at the Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary. Proc. R. Soc. London B 276: 4295-4302.

Brower, AVZ. 2010 Stability, replication, pseudoreplication and support. Cladistics 25: 112-113.

Brower, AVZ, N Wahlberg, JR Ogawa, M Boppr and RI Vane-Wright .. 2010. Phylogenetic relationships among genera of danaine butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) as implied by morphology and DNA sequences. Systematics and Biodiversity 8: 75-89.

Brower, AVZ. 2010. Alleviating the taxonomic impediment of DNA barcoding: names for ten species of " Astraptes fulgerator" (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae: Eudaminae). Systematics and Biodiversity 8: 485-491.

Brower, AVZ. 2011. Hybrid speciation in Heliconius butterflies: a review and critique of the evidence. Genetica 139: 589-609; online version DOI: 10.1007/s10709-010-9530-4

Rindal, E. and AVZ Brower. 2011. Do model-based phylogenetic analyses outperform parsimony A test with empirical data. Cladistics 27: 331-334; online version DOI: 10.1111/j.1096-0031. NoSkype2010.00342.x

Brower, AVZ. 2011. Repeatability and reality. Cladistics online version DOI: 10.1111/j.1096-0031. NoSkype2011.00354.x

Brower, AVZ and RI Vane-Wright. 2011. Anomalous areas and awkward ages: concerns about over-reliance on model based biogeographical and temporal inferences. Systematic Entomology (in press).

Brower, AVZ. 2011. The meaning of "phenetic". Cladistics (in press).

Book

Schuh, RT and AVZ Brower. 2009. Biological Systematics: principles and applications. 2 nd edn. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. 311 pp.