Equal Employment Opportunity
Equal employment opportunity is a part of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended, which prohibits any form of discrimination on the basis of race, color, sex, national origin, or religion. Since the inception of this law, more legislation has been enacted and the Executive Orders have been issued in an attempt to eliminate discriminatory practices. Agencies have been established, various rules have been initiated, and numerous court cases have been decided which have assisted in defining, refining, and clarifying the meaning of EEO-related legislation. Other laws designed to monitor equal opportunity include but not limited to those referenced under the mandate.
Affirmative Action (AA), originally mandated by President Johnson's Executive Order 11246, as amended by 11375, directs federal contractors to seek out women and minorities, two groups that traditionally have been excluded from the work force. The rationale for AA was to ensure that total integration of the work force with specific, result-oriented procedures designed to remedy the effects of past discrimination.
Local, state, and federal statutes that mandate the existence of the IE&C include but are not limited to the following:
- Age discrimination in Employment Act of 1967, as amended
- Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
- Civil Rights Act of 1991
- Equal Pay Act of 1963, as amended
- Executive Order 11246 of 1965, as amended by 11375
- Fair Labor Standards Act
- Pregnancy Discrimination Act
- Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended
- Tennessee Fair Employment Practices Law
- Title VI and VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended
- Title IX of the Education Amendment of 1972
- Vietnam Era Veteran's Readjustment Assistance Act of 1974, as amended.
These and other statutes protect individuals from discrimination and harassment in employment and education.