Equal Employment Opportunity
Equal employment opportunity is a part of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended, which prohibits any form of discrimination on the basis of race, color, sex, national origin, or religion. Since the inception of this law, more legislation has been enacted and the Executive Orders have been issued in an attempt to eliminate discriminatory practices. Agencies have been established, various rules have been initiated, and numerous court cases have been decided which have assisted in defining, refining, and clarifying the meaning of EEO-related legislation. Other laws designed to monitor equal opportunity include but not limited to those referenced under the mandate.
Affirmative Action (AA), originally mandated by President Johnson's Executive Order 11246, as amended by 11375, directs federal contractors to seek out women and minorities, two groups that traditionally have been excluded from the work force. The rationale for AA was to ensure that total integration of the work force with specific, result-oriented procedures designed to remedy the effects of past discrimination.
Local, state, and federal statutes that mandate the existence of the IE&C include but are not limited to the following:
These and other statutes protect individuals from discrimination and harassment in employment and education.