Robert M. O’Neil (1934-2018) an authority on First Amendment issues, was a lawyer, professor, and the founding director of the Thomas Jefferson Center for the Protection of Free Expression. 

He frequently wrote amicus curiae briefs on First Amendment cases that reached the Supreme Court.

O’Neil was born in Boston. After earning undergraduate, master’s, and law degrees from Harvard University, he clerked for Supreme Court justice William J. Brennan Jr. for the 1962–1963 term. After his clerkship, O’Neil entered academia at the University of California, Berkeley. He flourished as both professor and administrator, serving in turn as provost of the University of Cincinnati, vice president at Indiana University, and president of the University of Wisconsin.

Robert O'Neil was an author of several books related to the First Amendment

In 1985 O’Neil became the president of the University of Virginia, a position he held until 1990, when he became the founding director of the Thomas Jefferson Center for the Protection of Free Expression. The organization, which advocates on behalf of free expression issues, has close ties to the university. 

O'Neil also was founding chairman of the Virginia Coalition for Open Government, which advocates for access to public records.

O’Neil has written numerous books related to the First Amendment.

Among them are:

Throughout his academic career, O’Neil has taught classes on the First Amendment. He died Sept. 30, 2018 at age 83.

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