In this photo, Edward L. Schempp and his wife Sidney, and their children, Roger, 20, and Donna, 17, of Roslyn, Penn., read one of about 500 letters that they received from people all over the U.S. agreeing and disagreeing with their beliefs on religion in public schools, June 17, 1963. In Feb. 1958, Mr. and Mrs. Schempp brought suit that led to a ruling by the Supreme Court banning bible reading and the recitation of The Lord's Prayer in public school in Abington School District v. Schempp (1963). The Court later used this case as a precedent in Chamberlin v. Dade County Board of Public Instruction (1964) to strike down Bible reading and prayers in Florida schools. (AP Photo/John F. Urwiller, used with permission from the Associated Press)
Chamberlin v. Dade County Board of Public Instruction, 377 U.S. 402 (1964), a brief per curiam Supreme Court opinion, reversed a Florida Supreme Court decision that had upheld devotional Bible readings and prayers in the public schools.
Court struck down Bible readings and prayers in public schools again
The Court decided that the lower court had not appropriately raised issues relative to baccalaureate services, a religious census of pupils, and a religious test for teachers.
Justice William O. Douglas, in a partial concurrence joined by Justice Hugo L. Black, argued that the issue of a religious test for teachers — which the lower court had justified as a way of promoting the morality of teachers — should be argued and might be covered by the Court’s decision in Torcaso v. Watkins (1961).
John Vile is professor of political science and dean of the Honors College at Middle Tennessee State University. He is co-editor of the Encyclopedia of the First Amendment. This article was originally published in 2009.Send Feedback on this article